توضیح مختصر: Independent writing tasks on the TOEFL don't have to be stressful! Watch this lesson to learn tips and strategies for approaching them confidently and effectively.
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When you sit down to tackle the TOEFL Writing section on test day, you’ll complete two tasks: one Integrated task and one Independent task. Integrated tasks are covered in another lesson; here, we’re just going over the Independent tasks.
Independent writing tasks on the TOEFL ask you to argue one side of an issue based on your personal experiences and beliefs. You might have to agree or disagree with a particular statement, or you might be asked to choose between one of two different opinions about the same topic.
For this task, you won’t need any outside information, and you won’t have to remember any names, dates, or facts from your classes. The prompt will give you an issue that anyone could have an opinion about. All you have to do is pick one side of the issue and then explain why you picked it.
There’s no ‘right’ answer to these questions - or to put it another way, you get to pick which answer is ‘right.’ The graders don’t care which side of the issue you take, and your score doesn’t depend on it in any way.
The Independent writing task takes 30 minutes, and the recommended length for your final essay is at least 300 words, but there’s no word limit, and you’re allowed to write as many words as you want. Now you know what you’re taking on; in this lesson, you’ll get some tips and strategies for making it work.
First, we’ll go over the whole process of writing the essay from start to finish, with tips for time management and what to focus on at each step in the process. On the Independent writing task, you’ll have just 30 minutes to plan and write your essay from start to finish. Here’s a rough outline of how to break down your time effectively.
First, you’ll plan your essay. This should only take a few minutes because the structure of the essay is always the same, so you can plan it in advance. You already know that your argument is going to be some variation of ‘I agree with X instead of Y because of (reason one), (reason two), and (reason three).’
Here is a diagram of a sample essay structure:
A. Introduction: State which side of the issue you take
a. Reason 1
b. Reason 2
c. (potentially) Reason 3
C. Conclusion: Restate which side of the issue you take
All you have to do is plug the particular issue and your particular reasons into a basic outline like that, and you’ll be set. So, during the first three to five minutes of the essay, jot down your position and two to three reasons, and then move on.
As you’re doing this, make sure your reasons aren’t just restating your point of view. To score well, you have to provide justification for your position, not just state what your position is. Here’s an example:
Question: do you prefer the beach or the park?
I like the beach better than the park, because in summer I want to cool off, and at the beach I can go for a swim. There’s nowhere to cool off at the park, so it’s not pleasant.
Your score depends on your ability to support your position with reasons, so make sure you have a few good ones ready to go by the time you start writing.
Now, we’ll move on to the actual writing - this is where you’ll spend the bulk of your time. Here are some tips for expressing your position and reasons well:
Finally, you’ll have time for a little bit of proofreading at the end. This shouldn’t take long. You don’t have time to go over your essay and fix major organization errors; just look over it for spelling and grammar and fix what you can. The graders know you’re working under time pressure, so they don’t expect perfection.
Now that we’ve gone over what to do on test day, we’ll briefly cover some tips for test prep to help you put all that advice into practice. One of the best ways to do well on the Independent writing task is to prepare well beforehand: nobody’s born knowing how to answer standardized test questions.
One way to sharpen your skills for the test is to practice identifying two sides of an issue, picking one and listing some reasons that support your choice. For example:
Practice quickly taking a position and thinking two to three reasons in support of it. This helps you learn to quickly pick one side of the task and brainstorm reasons on a variety of different topics. By the time you have to do it on test day, it’ll be second nature.
Also practice expressing your reasons using transition words. Instead of just listing reason one, reason two, and reason three with bullet points, try putting them in a sentence like: ‘As well as reason one, I also take this position because of reason two. An additional reason is reason three.’ This sounds silly when you’re just doing it to yourself, but it will really help you use transitions more naturally in your actual essay.
Finally, practice writing sample essays with the time limits of the actual test. This will help you get an intuitive feel for how long 30 minutes is and will also help you get into the habit of checking the timer regularly, so you don’t get any unpleasant surprises.
In this lesson, you got some tips and strategies for success on the TOEFL Independent tasks. On these tasks, you’ll have 30 minutes to state and support your opinion on an issue, based on your own experiences and judgments.
While you’re writing your essay, use a basic pre-prepared outline so you only have to plug in the specific issue and reasons in this particular prompt. Make sure you have reasons for your position, and that you support your side of the case with evidence and arguments. While you write, keep track of the time and be sure to use transition words to connect parts of your essay. Spend the last few minutes on revising, but don’t get too crazy here; just fix the spelling where you can. You don’t have time for a lot of revision.
Planning ahead and practicing these skills are some of the best ways to do well on the actual test. Practice choosing a position and supporting it with evidence, using transition words and phrases to tie your supporting arguments together, and writing to the actual time limits of the test. Soon, you’ll be all set up to put the strategies into practice on test day.
درس بعدی : 3. TOEFL Writing Section- Independent Task Practice