دوره Writing in the Sciences ، فصل 6 : review process
دربارهی این فصل:
Unit 6 discusses the peer review process, as well as ethical issues in scientific publishing. You will learn how to avoid plagiarism, determine authorship, submit a paper, write a peer review, and avoid predatory journals.
این شامل 9 زیر است:
I realized that many students were unaware that taking bits and pieces of other people's words and stringing them together in your essay, without proper citation and quotes, is plagiarism. A while back, I was writing a paper on the use of estrogen to treat young women with bone loss due to eating disorders. Recent registry-based and hospital-based studies have documented a statistically significant increased risk of melanoma after breast cancer with standardized incident ratios ranging from 1.4 to 2.7.
But they're often willing to lend their name because drug company studies are often large high quality clinical trials that get published in great journals, and this goes on the academics resume. Documents were found describing Merck employees working either independently or in collaboration with medical publishing companies to prepare manuscripts and subsequently recruiting external academically affiliated investigators to be authors. Merck could actually put this whole set of opinions and perspectives out in the medical literature with it having the stamp of coming from an academic institution, when it really came from the drug company marketing people.
In the three modules that follow, I will interview longtime journal editors who will give you more information about the publication process. You also need to collect conflict of interest and copyright forms with signatures from all your authors and this can take some time, so just factor that in as well. Make sure you look at those carefully because it is almost always the case that small errors get introduced in that formatting and layout process, and you want to catch those.
He was a MacArthur fellow, he won the National Medal of Science, he was the president of the American Statistical Association at one time. Yeah, and he is the founding editor and editor-in-chief of The Annals of Applied Statistics and so, we're really privileged to have him here today to get some advice from the editing and publishing side of things which is. And that that excuses certain mistakes, you can easily believe that a first time author might put in too much detail or too much stuff that their thesis advisor thought was interesting or something like that.
He's an Editor-at-Large at MedPage Today, also a consulting professor at Stanford University, serves on the Board of the National Library of Medicine. If the author is looking for sensational information or something important for the CV, something that's great to hang the next grant application onto, that's one thing. >> It happened that way because it was so hard, but that was important because Danny Freeman, the editor for a very long time, >> Commonly would have 12 to 15 peer reviewers.
He provided a number of the examples that I've shared with you and he's been a long time champion of good writing in the medical literature. >> What bothers me most is when I get a paper, it'll often be from a really good institution and the senior author at the end of the list is someone who's well known, but it's clear that it's been written by a student. The fact that it got passed that first reviewing stage is really a good sign, and you should work hard to improve the paper so that it will get accepted.
There was a research study presented at a conference a few years back where they traced the natural history of peer reviewers. I always like to picture that on the other end of this whole review process, there's some poor graduate student who's the one who did all the work, who's the first author on the paper, and their confidence is on the line. For the introduction section, the main things I'm looking for are clarity and concision, and a clear statement of the hypotheses or aims of the study.
You might even want to contact them and ask them about their experience with the publisher because there are known instances when people's names have been borrowed and just stuck on these websites without the person's permission. He wrote, "The lesson of optogenetics is that the old, the fragile, and the rare - even cells from pond scum or from harsh Saharan salt lakes" Notice the use of dashes there, "can be crucial to comprehension of ourselves and our modern world. The story behind this technology underscores the value of protecting rare environmental niches and the importance of supporting true basic science.
So I'm going to start with, a recent study from the National Italian Union of Dental Industry showed that sensorial stimuli, and let me give you some examples here, with using, sending this off with dashes. By telling and showing, I think we can just make that a little bit shorter by saying, by explaining what is going to be done, offering earphones to isolate them from external sound and at the same time provide music therapy. And you know, even if you're great at oral hygiene, you still might have to go to the dentist for an emergency, as the author alluded to earlier, so we still need to solve this problem about the phobia.
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