توضیح مختصر: The general adaptation syndrome is a predictable series of phases related to stress. This lesson will explore some of the physiological and psychological changes associated with each phase.
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فایل ویدئویی:ویدئوی آموزشی درس « General Adaptation Syndrome- Definition, Phases & Changes »
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Being called predictable is anything but a compliment. If I could predict your every move when playing a game like chess, then not only would you lose every time, but I would get bored really quickly.
Yet a person’s, almost any person’s, response to a stressor is quite remarkably similar and predictable. So much so that Hans Selye, an endocrinologist, coined a term known as the General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) , to describe a physiological response to a stressor that occurs in a specific sequence. The three phases of stress, and how your body changes with each phase, include the:
When a person is first confronted with a stressor , something that brings about stress, they enter the first phase of the GAS. This first phase is known as the Alarm Phase.
During this immediate and involuntary phase, a hormone called epinephrine, also known as adrenaline, is released among plenty of other biochemical messengers.
These biochemicals cause lots of changes, including:
Psychologically speaking, a person may also experience fear, anger, anxiety, panic, and restlessness during the alarm phase.
The alarm phase is many times enough to help us overcome something that stressed us out in the first place. But if the stressor goes on for several hours or more, we enter the Resistance Phase , the second phase of the GAS.
Staying in the high-strung alarm phase for too long is not conducive to the proper and optimal health and function of our body. Therefore, people in the resistance stage try to calm themselves down, deny the problem, shut down their emotions, and isolate themselves - all of this, in order to re-establish a sense of normality.
A person’s physiological self also undergoes some important modifications at this time. During the resistance phase:
As long as fat stores remain in enough quantity, the resistance phase can continue for weeks or even months and helps explain why people can survive a huge stressor, like starvation, for quite some time.
Of course, the preponderance of glucocorticoids doesn’t come without a cost. Too many of these stress hormones over a long period of time delays wound healing and make a person more likely to get sick.
So, whether it’s because a person becomes really ill, starves, or continues to endure serious emotional trauma, the resistance phase will inevitably have to come to an end, and the Exhaustion Phase , the third phase of the GAS, will set in.
Entering such a stage usually means the person was unable to recover from the stressor during the resistance phase and that the stress has been going on for a long time - for so long, in fact, that the experience has depleted the person of energy, psychological resources, and biochemicals that were used to help them out before.
The exhaustion phase can lead to serious illness and death. To help you remember the sequence of stages here, just realize that most things that cause us distress SCARE us one way or another. S tress C auses A larm, R esistance, and E xhaustion, in that order!
This lesson probably caused you a bit of stress due to all the stuff we covered. But don’t be alarmed and don’t resist this review just yet! We need to review everything before you become too exhausted from studying.
The General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) is a physiological response to a stressor that occurs in a specific sequence. A stressor is something that brings about stress.
When a person experiences stress, they enter the first phase of the GAS, the Alarm Phase. During the alarm phase, epinephrine (a.k.a. adrenaline) is released. This biochemical messenger and others cause:
Psychologically speaking a person may also experience fear, anger, anxiety, panic, and restlessness.
After the alarm phase, the second phase of the GAS is the Resistance Phase. People will try to relieve their stress by denying the problem, shutting down their emotions, isolating themselves, and trying to calm down.
During this resistance phase:
If a person cannot overcome the stress during the resistance phase, they enter the third phase of the GAS, known as the Exhaustion Phase , which can result in serious illness and death due to the body’s depletion of psychological and physiological resources.