Sentence Structure- Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences

توضیح مختصر: A mixed structure sentence is a common error that occurs when a writer starts a sentence with one structure but switches to a different structure in the middle of the sentence. This video will teach you how to spot and avoid this type of error.

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Understanding Mixed Sentence Structure

What if I told you that there’s a type of sentence error that’s exceedingly common, that’s a major reason that teachers and professors deduct points from essays, and that is incredibly easy to spot and fix? So easy, in fact, that it doesn’t require you to be able to define an independent clause, a coordinating conjunction, or a gerund? Sound too good to be true?

Just keep in mind: because you want your writing to be the best it can be, is why you should avoid mixed structure sentences.

Sounds a little funny, doesn’t it? That’s an example of a mixed structure sentence , which is a catch-all term for a sentence that starts off being structured one way but switches to a different structure halfway through. And like I said a moment ago, while this type of sentence error is fairly common, it’s one of the very easiest sentence problems to identify and fix.

You may know from studying up on how to avoid run-on sentences, comma splices, and sentence fragments, for example, that it’s important to understand and be able to identify various types of clauses and conjunctions to fix those errors. When it comes to mixed structure sentences, there’s not an absolute rule that applies to fix each one.

Instead, mixed structure sentences can be quite varied, and the term applies to any sentence construction problem where the structure of the sentence changes halfway through. In this lesson, we’ll review how good sentences can go off the rails and become mixed structure sentences as well as that aforementioned super easy, surefire way to catch and fix them.

How Mixed Sentence Structure Errors Occur

I get it. You don’t have endless hours and hours to perfectly craft your writing assignments or a team of personal editors to comb through your papers before you turn them in. And, of course, standardized tests require that you write essay question responses quickly, which can leave the door wide open to grammatical mistakes.

Sometimes when you’re writing, your mind might race as you try to get your sentences out, and the result is a jumble of words. Or, just the opposite, you might have a case of writer’s block so terrible that you type out one. . . painful. . . word. . . at a time, and by the time you get to the period at the end of a sentence, you’ve long forgotten how that sentence started.

So, you might end up writing in a timed essay exam:

Although I’m a busy person, but I love to take time to study.

If you pay attention, you can see where the structure of this sentence implodes. The first half of the sentence is okay, and the structure makes sense up to a point: Although I’m a busy person,

And the second half, taken by itself, is okay, too: but I love to take time to study. But when we put them both together, it’s not pretty.

Usually, fixing a mixed structure sentence takes just a bit of rearranging and double checking. We can solve this one by writing:

Although I’m a busy person, I love to take time to study.

Or you could write:

I’m a busy person, but I love to take time to study.

It’s not exactly brain surgery, right? So, why do so many standardized exams feature questions requiring students to fix these types of errors? And how come so many English instructors spend sleepless nights grading stacks of papers with dozens of mixed structure sentence errors in them?

Catch and Fix Mixed Sentence Structure Errors

There’s something that English teachers know, and that writers of standardized tests know, and that you’ll now know, too: students hate proofreading their papers.

Students know they should go back through their papers to look for and correct mistakes, whether it’s an essay with a deadline two weeks away, or a timed essay for a standardized test. But a lot of students don’t do it, and others do it but kind of halfheartedly and not very well.

If you’re guilty of being a bad proofreader of your own work, think about all of the points you could recoup with your grades by cleaning up mixed structure sentences that you might have dropped throughout your essay without realizing it. There are two surefire, easy ways to catch mixed sentence structure errors. The first is to read your finished essay aloud to yourself.

Sometimes, we can lose focus by staring too long at a page we’ve spent a while writing, so reading back through a paper silently - particularly on a computer screen - can be less than completely effective. But reading our work aloud allows us to really hear the way our sentences are structured. Of course, if you’re sitting in an exam room taking an essay test, you probably can’t broadcast what you’ve just written out loud.

There’s still an easy method for you to use to catch most mixed structure problems if you give yourself a few minutes before time will be called to methodically read back through your essay silently, sentence by sentence. This second trick is to read your essay backward, one sentence at a time. By doing this, you can focus on sentence structure rather than the meaning of your essay as a whole.

So, when you go back and proofread your paper, you’ll be able to spot when you’ve mixed two sentence structures together. For example, you might have had two ways of expressing the same idea in your head:

The Electoral College offers a way to honor the importance of individual state populations, so it should be preserved.

and

Because the Electoral College offers a way to honor the importance of individual state populations, it should be preserved.

And you might have jumbled them together to read:

Because the Electoral College offers a way to honor the importance of individual state populations, so it should be preserved.

By simply reading carefully back through your work, you should be able to catch your mistake and correctly structure your sentence.

The Electoral College offers a way to honor the importance of individual state populations, so it should be preserved.

or

Because the Electoral College offers a way to honor the importance of individual state populations, it should be preserved.

Lesson Summary

Mixed structure sentences are a little different from other types of sentence errors, in that they’re problems that occur when writers jumble together different sentence construction types.

To fix a mixed structure sentence, simply examine the faulty sentence and identify the two different structures that you’ve erroneously stuck into it, and restructure your sentence accordingly.

Because the Electoral College offers a way to honor the importance of individual state populations, so it should be preserved.

Because the Electoral College offers a way to honor the importance of individual state populations, it should be preserved.

The real trick here isn’t really knowing how to fix these types of errors, as they’re surprisingly easy to fix. Rather, the real trick is recognizing if you tend to make this type of error and then working on catching mixed structure sentences when you’ve written them. The two easiest ways to do this are to read your finished essay aloud to yourself and read your essay backward, one sentence at a time.

By employing these simple tricks, you’ll be able to avoid mixed sentence structure errors and avoid losing out on valuable points on your essay scores.

📍 شما در حال مشاهده درس 17 در فصل 6 از دوره زیر هستید:

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9 فصل | 96 درس

1. How to Write Well- What Makes Writing Good?

2. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement

3. What Are Personal Pronouns?

4. Commas- Correct Usage & Basic Rules

5. Punctuation- Using Colons, Semicolons & Periods

6. How to Write with Idioms or Phrasal Verbs

7. Sentence Clarity- How to Write Clear Sentences

8. How to Write With Good Diction to Develop Style, Tone & Point-of-View

9. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence

10. What Is Brainstorming?

11. Techniques for Brainstorming Great Ideas

12. Parallelism- How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences

13. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences

14. Subject-Verb Agreement- Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns

15. Comma Usage- Avoid Confusion in Clauses & Contrasting Sentence Parts

16. Sentence Agreement- Avoiding Faulty Collective Ownership

17. Sentence Structure- Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences 👁

19. Pronouns- Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive

20. How to Write Logical Sentences and Avoid Faulty Comparisons

21. What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?

22. Active and Passive Voice

23. How to Write and Use Transition Sentences

24. Complete Sentence- Examples & Definition