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دانلود اپلیکیشن «زوم»
این درس را میتوانید به بهترین شکل و با امکانات عالی در اپلیکیشن «زوم» بخوانید
متن انگلیسی درس
Testing the Answer Choices
In this video, we are going to go through a type of question where you may not really be able to come up with the perfect word, or the word that you come up with doesn’t quite match with the other words.
Or maybe you’re really not sure at all what goes here in the blank. So let’s read this sentence and assume, again, that we don’t quite understand what it’s saying. Poetically referred to as visitaflora, or flower visitor, by the Spanish, the hummingbird has a curious of having the fastest heartbeat of any extant vertebrae.
So you read that, and again, you can’t really come up with your own word, which you try. But you follow the basic steps. And so you’re kind of at a loss here.
What do you do? Well, you can arrive at the answer by plugging the words back in. And now, I want to stress in this video that this should be almost a last-ditch effort, meaning that we want to follow the basic steps of finding the clue, which we’ll do here of course, but then coming up with our own word and matching.
Here, we can look for clues of course, but ultimately, we’re going to have to plug the words back in, and see which one makes the most sense. OK, so we start here with “notion”. Has the curious notion of having the fastest heartbeat alive.
So you think about notion. It means an idea, so you can substitute the word, “idea”. Has the curious idea. Well, no. It seems to have the curious something, maybe characteristic. Sometimes, when you start plugging the words back in, you can even arrive at your own word that way.
Notion doesn’t work. A distinction. A distinction is something that sets something or someone apart from others. And so this seems like a distinction. It has the fastest heartbeat, so it’s in its own little group, the fastest heartbeat group.
So maybe this works. We’ll put a little question mark there. Necessity. So anywhere in the sentence, are there clues supporting the idea that the hummingbird has to have the fastest heart? Maybe you have a background in science and thing.
“Oh, I read somewhere that they have to have that really fast beating heart, or otherwise, their wings can’t move that quickly”, but that doesn’t matter. In the sentence itself, there are no clues backing up necessity, so you can get rid of this.
Ignominy. You don’t really know what it means. It’s the hardest word of the batch, so you can also put a question mark next to it. Fortune. Curious fortune is luck. Are there any clues here supporting in the sentence, anywhere, where it’s a lucky thing to have the fastest heartbeat alive? The answer is no.
And so, you can see that we’re between these two answers, and one of them works. Plugged it back in, kind of made sense. The other one, we really don’t know what this word means. So if one seems to make sense and there’s a mysterious word, get rid of the mysterious word.
On the other hand, if distinction didn’t make sense, really weren’t sure, it was iffy, but there was this word you did know, it was probably the word you didn’t know. But here, ignominy, which means disgrace, doesn’t work, and distinction’s our answer.
So again, we went back. Tried to figure out what was going on. We weren’t able to. So therefore, especially for these more difficult questions, it’s important that we have a little bit of flexibility and know that we can plug the words back in once we thought about the sentence and really reason with these words.
Sometimes, even come up with our own word, whether that’s quality or characteristic, but it doesn’t really matter. As long as you can get at the right answer, choose a word that makes sense in the context of the sentence.
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