پاسخ کوتاه و تکمیل فرم
- زمان مطالعه 11 دقیقه
- سطح خیلی سخت
دانلود اپلیکیشن «زوم»
این درس را میتوانید به بهترین شکل و با امکانات عالی در اپلیکیشن «زوم» بخوانید
متن انگلیسی درس
Short Answer and Form Completion
You will have four different passages on your listening paper. Let’s learn about the first passage of the four. Passage 1 is definitely the easiest one out of all of the four you will listen to. Often, you will hear two people speaking to each other. And they will be trading basic information. So, they’ll be doing things like giving directions, planning something together, maybe placing an order on the phone or to a server at a restaurant.
These are just examples of the kinds of things you can expect for Passage 1. It’s very important not to lose easy points on Passage 1. So a way that students sometimes lose easy points is they don’t follow directions. We’ve seen this in other sections of the test. You need to really pay attention, especially to word counts for short answer questions.
Another easy way to lose points is by making spelling mistakes. And, just remember, you want to capitalize your short answers. You do that because some short answers might need to be capitalized, because they are proper nouns. If you capitalize all your letters of every word for your short answer questions, you won’t lose points because you forgot to capitalize a proper noun.
Okay, so for Passage 1, there are a few common question types. Now this does not mean that these are the only question types you will find, or that these question types can’t happen in different sections. They will. But for Passage 1, these are some of the more common types. And they are short answer and form completion.
So short answer questions, when you have those you know you will have to write a short answer based on the passage, based on something you hear. Usually the word limit will be two or three words. And for Passage 1, short answer questions are really about testing your comprehension, usually of factual information. Remember that you need to analyze and predict for all question types and for short answer for the listening paper.
It’s really important to take a look at the short answers. Try to figure out what part of speech you will be asked to find. So, are you looking for a noun, verb, adjective, adverb as you listen. Maybe it’s a number that you’re listening for, or a date. Okay? Whatever category of information you can figure out before you listen to the passage, the better you’ll be.
Okay, and of course, you want to take a look at the questions, the short answer questions before you listen to the passage. Because you’re looking for landmarks, right? Which question will come first, second, third? How will I know if I missed an answer to a question? You look for what order the questions are in, so that you know how to follow along as you track the passage.
Okay, so let’s look at an example of a short answer question. This is what a short answer listening paper question might look like. For part one, for Passage 1. Notice a few things, this is just a regular short answer question. So they tell you always your word count and number count above, okay? But then look at the questions here, sometimes they will give you a title to what you’re going to listen to.
That’s very informative for this. So, if we read this before we listen, we know that we’re going to get some instructions. So, somebody’s gonna tell us how to do something, and these are instructions for Sparky. Okay, maybe you’re not familiar with it or maybe you are, but Sparky is a very common name for a dog.
And we are getting instructions for Sparky while we are away. Before I listen to the passage, I would be pretty sure that we’re going to hear some instructions for how to take care of a dog while some people go away, maybe on vacation or something like that. Okay, that kind of information is very useful because you know what to expect. But then you look at the questions quickly, so you know where to listen for.
You look for your landmarks within the questions. To know when to move from one question to the next as you track. Okay, so for number 1, needs to be blank three times every day. Okay, I’m guessing we’re gonna get some type of verb. Needs to be what? Some action.
What needs to happen to Sparky? We’ve got a clue here, three times per day. Okay, so we’re going to listen for something that happens three times. Okay, second one. Food and medicine can be found, okay, I’m guessing we’re going to have a location. I’m listening for some place probably in the house.
Where is food and medicine usually found? Could be in the kitchen, could be in the cupboards, you may guess this, we don’t know yet. But we’re going to listen for this as we follow a long with this type of question. So this is an example of how to use the APT method, that we talked about in a previous lesson, as a way to approach this kind of question.
And to make sure we are listening actively to find answers as we listen to the passages. Okay, let’s look at the second type, then. The second type of common question for Passage 1 is form completion. This is where you fill in gaps on a form. It’s a lot like taking notes.
Okay, so you take notes on a form that’s provided to you. Commonly, you will have some factual information like the short answer we just saw. So things like filling in dates, times, locations. Okay, so, again, very similar strategies as before. We have to try to figure out what the topic of the passage will be based on the form.
There’s a lot of information, usually, that you can gather by just analyzing the form before you listen. Also what kind of information will you need to fill in? Okay, again, is it numbers, is it places, what kind of things? So you know what to listen for. Okay, when will you move from one question to the next?
Just like your short answer questions, all the questions will come in order. And so if you look at the numbers, and you look at the information as it’s presented on the form, you will get clues about when to move from question to question. So, for example, let’s look at this one. Here would be a common form completion question on the IELTS. So you would get this kind of thing.
Again, we’ve got short answers. So they’re telling us how many words and numbers we can fill in. We have another title to the form, Student Meal Plan Application. Aha! So we can guess a lot of things about this based on that information in the title. We’re probably going to be listening to something happening at a school.
Maybe at the time a student is registering for something, or maybe they’re talking to somebody who’s in charge of the residence life at their school. And they need to fill out a the form here so they can sign up probably for meals that they’re going to receive at the school. Okay, and then all of the questions below are very informative for us. For example, we know the first answer, number 1, that’s gonna come at the beginning.
We’re going to listen for the student’s name. Number 2, Student Account ID, probably we’re going to have a number that we need to listen for here. The Residence Hall could be another name, I don’t know, we’ll have to see how they label the residence halls at the school. But a common way would be to listen for a name that came after the Student ID number somewhere.
I’m guessing number 4 would also be another number, right? A suite number. It tells us, this is the number sign here. Full or partial? Okay, so I don’t know. As I’m analyzing this, I don’t know what they’re going to say.
We might get a paraphrase for the word partial, okay? A partial meal plan is a meal plan that is not three meals per day. It is maybe two meals or one meal that a student would get in a cafeteria, and then they would get their own meals some other way. Maybe they cook at home or something like that. Okay, and then the last one, Dietary Restriction Code.
We’re going to listen for a code. Could be a number, could be something else. We’ll have to listen. But anyway, as we look at this form, if you take a few seconds to look at what’s coming in the passage, you get to see the order of the questions 1 through 6.
And you know specific things that you’re listening for as you go through the passage. All right, so then you will track and follow along and try not to get lost as the speakers go through each of these numbers in the listening passage you’ll have for this question. Okay, so for Passage 1, remember, it usually involves two people talking about a very basic topic from daily life.
Common question types Short Answer and Form Completion. You may get other types as well, but these two would be very typical for Passage 1. Remember to use the APT method to focus your listening. Look ahead at the questions before the passage. Try to figure out the topic of the passage, if there’s a title. If there are key words in the questions, you can also figure a lot about what information to listen for, and in what order, as we discussed in the lesson.
Okay, so we will have lessons on passages 2, 3, and 4, as well, with more question types you can expect on the listening paper.
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