تکمیل خلاصه جدول و سوالات چند جوابه

: پکیج آموزشی IELTS مگوش / سرفصل: مهارت شنیداری / درس 7

تکمیل خلاصه جدول و سوالات چند جوابه

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Table Summary Completion and Multiple Choice

The last passage on your listening exam will be Passage 4. Let’s learn about this one and look at some sample questions as well. So Passage 4 is definitely the most challenging of the four passages. It is usually an academic lecture or some kind of monologue, some kind of speech that you will listen to. The topics for it can vary widely.

So it could be on any topic that you can imagine, from a college course, history, biology, social sciences, something like that. But you don’t need any specialized knowledge of this fields in order to do well. They’re testing your language, not how much you know about a subject, like math or biology.

So any of the questions types that we have looked at for passages 1 through 3, so far, could be used on Passage 4, okay? So there really isn’t a most common one, but there are still two that we haven’t looked at yet, so we will look at those later in this lesson. The concepts that are typically tested on Passage 4 are identification of main ideas, okay?

So finding main ideas within a lecture, which can be very challenging as you’re listening to something, trying to figure out what the main idea is. Also, they often test identification skills or categorization, okay? So maybe a lecturer will be speaking about different species of animals, and your job will be to listen and categorize those animals into different categories, whatever they provide you.

Okay, so you can imagine, that can be challenging if it’s a difficult lecture on some specific topic. Strategies for Passage 4. While you will have analyze and predict strategies, as with any question type you’ve had, but with Passage 4, you may want to consider some additional things. Whatever the question type, try to gather clues about the topic in organization of the passage before listening.

Remember, this will be a longer lecture. There will be a lot of information, and often, the information in the passage will be organized very clearly. Can you figure out, from the questions, what it is you’re going to be looking for? For example, does the professor describe a historical event or a series of event? Well, if your questions are organized by dates, in some way, or if you have a chart to fill out that has different dates on them, that will be important information.

Is your lecturer going to categorize something? Is the professor going to give you different kinds of animal species, for example, or something like that. That could be something you’ll notice in the questions for this, and it will help you as you listen tremendously. Maybe the professor is going to present a theory, or theories for something.

Again, look to the questions. See if there are clues about this kind of organization. Often, there will be. Lastly then, maybe the professor is going to make an argument. Maybe the professor will give you his or her own theory about something, and you’ll get clues about that from the questions.

Okay, additionally then, as to prepare for Passage 4 questions, specifically, make sure you underline key words in the questions, right? You’re going to look for paraphrases in this. You’re gonna have difficult material from the lecture, and you’re going to be tested on whether you understand paraphrases in the questions that you’re reading. Go underline those words.

One thing you should definitely not do is waste time worrying or trying to figure out words that you’re just not familiar with. If there are academic terms used in the lecture that are really very difficult, often, the professor will define them for you, and so you’ll get that definition somewhere in the lecture. If there’s something you just don’t recognize at all, don’t spend a lot of time worrying about it or trying to figure it out.

Important specialized terminology will be defined in the passage. Okay, so as we said, any question type is possible on Passage 4. Let’s just look at some that we haven’t seen yet and use them in relation to Passage 4 that we’re studying in this lecture. So first one is Table/Summary Completion. These are questions that test your ability to locate main ideas and categorize information.

So they would be very common on a Passage 4 passage, where you would do this from information provided in a lecture. So this question type has two basic forms, either a table or a summary. For a table, a table is a little bit like a chart that we’ve seen in other questions before.

You will fill in numbered questions to complete a table, okay? For the summary, you will have a paragraph with missing phrases or sentences. So we saw a sentence completion questions in our previous lesson. Now, we will have a whole paragraph that you need to fill in blanks in order to complete the paragraph. All right, for these questions, you want to make sure to study the categories that are on the chart or in the summary.

If you have a table question, your most important strategy for analyze and predict is to make sure you study the categories that are on the table. All tables will show different categories of information, and these categories help you and direct you as you listen to the passage. We will see what that looks like in just a moment as we look at an example question. If you have a summary paragraph, make sure that you skim through the paragraph before listening to the passage, and note the location of the blanks.

They should give you clues about the order of information that you will get in the lecture, because these questions, as with all other listening questions, are going to be presented in order. So let’s look at an example. For this one, let’s look at a table example question. So notice, as you look at the question, that this is like your short answer questions within other question types, so you’ll have to complete the chart in each blank with no more than three words and/or a number.

But then, what we have down below are the categories that we discussed in the last slides. These are your categories. One is national parks, the second one is the year designated as a park, and the last one is number of visitors annually. Okay, all of these questions will ask you to find numbers.

Okay, we’ve got years for 1 and 2, and a large number of some kind for Question 3. This is how information will be organized on your passage four questions. You’ll look for the different categories, and then, note where you’ll need to find these information within the passage. We can expect that the lecturer is going to talk first about Yosemite, and then the Grand Canyon, and our information for this question will come from both of those parts of the lecture.

Okay, another question type that’s very possible on this one or on other sections of the test Is multiple choice. Most students are pretty familiar with multiple choice questions, right? On the IELTS, you’ll have a question with three possible answer choices, or you might have a sentence with three possible endings, and they will give you those choice endings below.

The answers on the IELTS for multiple choice questions will be in the form of A, B, or C, and sometimes, you have a longer list of choices. And in that case, with some of those longer multiple choice questions, you may be instructed that some answers could be used more than once. Make sure to look for those in the directions. Analyzing and predicting from multiple choice is much like what we’ve done in other question types.

So before you listen to the passage, make sure you focus on the answers choices and underline keywords. Okay, here is an example multiple choice question that you might see. So just notice, they give you the directions, they’d let you know how to answer, as with other questions, and then you’ll just have a simple questions STEM. Reason for the special seminar, and then below, you’ll have some reasons, okay?

As you might be able to guess, these key words are supposed to give you the clues for what to listen to in the passage as it’s being played. For Question 2, we know, for example, the speaker is going to instruct the class to do something, okay? What is the speaker going to instruct the class to do, all right? And these are our choices that we have to listen for.

This can be challenging. You do need to keep track of the different key words in each of the answer possibilities to know whether it’s the correct one or not the correct one. But just as with any other question type, you go from beginning to end, so if you have six multiple choice questions, the first one, second one, third one will come in that order in the passage.

So you just need to practice focusing on the question that you’re listening for at that time, and knowing what the next question will be, so you know if you’ve missed an answer or if you need to move on. Okay, so to review, Passage 4, it’s the most challenging one of the listening passages. It will involve an academic lecture, okay?

And the vocabulary will be much more challenging than the other passages you’ve had. You can expect questions of any and every type, so all of the ones we’ve studied so far in all of our listening lessons are possible for Passage 4. But whatever question type you get, the goal will be to locate main ideas, usually, and often, to identify categories using supporting details.

Okay, so Passage 4 is the last section of the exam. After you finish with Passage 4, you will have 10 minutes to transfer all your answers from each of the passages from your question book to your answer sheet. Make sure you do a lot of listening practice questions with your study materials to prepare.

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