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- زمان مطالعه 3 دقیقه
- سطح متوسط
دانلود اپلیکیشن «زوم»
این درس را میتوانید به بهترین شکل و با امکانات عالی در اپلیکیشن «زوم» بخوانید
متن انگلیسی درس
Select the Sentence
In this video we will deal with a rare question type on the GRE reading section, and that is called the select the sentence question. This question type does not have any answer choices. It is a question, and what you have to do upon reading it, is to actually hover over the passage and select the sentence that best answers the question. The passage will actually highlight, and that’s why this question type is sometimes called highlight the passage question.
But what you’ll do is make your mouse hover over a sentence, that sentence will become highlighted. And then you will go and confirm your answer, given that the sentence you’re currently highlighting is the answer to the question. Now we actually don’t have that cool technology on this video lesson. But we’ll actually go through a question and pretend that we are highlighting passage.
Now what you have to know is that the select the sentence question requires you to understand the structure of the passage, and specifically, the function of the sentences within the passage. Now that sounds pretty intimidating, and it’s actually a lot more straightforward than that. You will see the question, you will see that it is on a specific topic within the passage, and you will look for that topic.
And then you will usually come across a sentence. That first sentence, however, is usually incorrect. It kind of allows you to anchor yourself within the text because it mentions words that are in the question, so you actually have to look at the sentences around that anchor sentence, because those are the ones that typically answer the question. And so there’s often times, this superficial, it mentions words in the question itself that traps a lot of students.
And therefore, maybe 50% of students get it wrong, maybe only 40%. But again it’s not a very difficult question type, because there’s only usually two possible sentences it could be. So, what I’ve done here is I’ve provided us with a question, and also taken the liberty of excerpting the two relevant sentences. So I’ve assumed we’ve gone through that really long passage on Tutola, and you’ve come across these two sentences.
They actually follow each other, but I’ve provided the space in between here. So let’s read the question. Select the sentence in the passage that describes how T is able to be creative while working in the confines of the Nigerian folkloric tradition. So you scan the passage and you see this sentence right here. And you notice, ah-ha, inventive embellishments, that’s being creative.
Working in the confines, ah-ha. You read down to constraints here. You make that connection and you say, that must be the answer. This, of course, is the distractor, the wrong answer choice. It’s using words from the topic from the question itself to fool you. Because what is the question actually asking?
It’s saying to select the sentence that describes how T is able to do so, not the fact that he actually does so. So, what specific examples do we have of this sentence? And therefore, we read the next sentence and we find out that Tutola here sprinkles snippets of his native language and Nigerian inflected English, all while working within these constraints, and therefore you could see a ha.
This is the sentence that answers the question, and of course, you will put the mouse cursor over it. That sentence will highlight, and then you will go to confirm the answer.
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