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- زمان مطالعه 2 دقیقه
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دانلود اپلیکیشن «زوم»
این درس را میتوانید به بهترین شکل و با امکانات عالی در اپلیکیشن «زوم» بخوانید
متن انگلیسی درس
Shifts in Perception
This sentence we’re going to be dealing with a different type shift. It’s a shift in perception. Now, this is a little bit more subtle, so we’re going to read here and, of course, we’re going to notice a shift in the way that someone perceives someone or something else.
So, let’s read here. Since Martha was so orthodox in her approach to classifying ancient texts, she surprised - so here’s the shift in how people are perceiving her.
Surprised her colleagues when she developed a blank taxonomy by which to categorize a newly discovered papyrus scrolls. So you can see that, usually, she’s so orthodox, but now she’s surprised people, she developed something that is, and again the shift shows us that the word blank has to be the opposite of orthodox.
And that word is, unconventional. So you can see how that works, again; we identified the clue, picked up on the shift really notice the relationship of course between the clue and the blank, which is one, that they’re opposites.
We found the opposite, and there’s our answer. So that was quick and easy. So let’s try another one that’s a little harder. Here it is, Virginia Woolf’s foray into a stream-of-consciousness any of her naysayers as reckless experimentalism. Only with the publication of Mrs. Dalloway did they conceive that the far more blank all along.
So, as I said, these are definitely more subtle, and we have to pick up on the shift in a way one person or group is perceiving is another person. So we have these naysayers. How they are perceiving Ms. Woolf.
Well they are saying that she tried to do this stream of consciousness style and turned out to be reckless, reckless experimentalism. So what happens? Well, they shift.
Only with the publication. So now that this came out, they change, they conceded, they granted. They said, “OK, we accept it. Your aim has been far more what?” The opposite of what came before So she was not reckless, but she’d actually been far more opposite of reckless, so when you’re reckless, you don’t think, you just rush into something.
The opposite is thinking beforehand, planning. And what word is that, is it literary? Nope, that’s a trap, too, because it’s Virginia Woolf. Is it calculated? To be calculated is to know beforehand what you’re doing. That’s the opposite of reckless, so there’s a perfect answer.
And just eliminate these other ones. Endearing doesn’t work here. We’re going for planned. Fortuitous means happening coincidentally in a pleasant way. Not quite the answer. And precipitant is a synonym for reckless here which, of course, we want the opposite of reckless. And again, B is our answer. So key here takeaway is notice the shifts in perception to find that clue. Find the opposite of that word, and in this case, it’s B.
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