How to Write Specific Details for Process Diagrams

دوره: IELTS Writing Task 1 Academic / فصل: Part 2 - The Recipe / درس 14

How to Write Specific Details for Process Diagrams

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In this video we’ll talk about how to write the specific details for process diagrams so here’s our

first practice question.

You’ve seen this question before when we wrote the introduction and the overview for this question.

In previous videos.

So if you need to read this question prompt again then you can post a video and do so now so let’s go

ahead and talk about the specific details as you already know by now.

The first thing that we do is you have to split your info graphic into two halves so in this process

we have a total of three steps.

As you can see here stage number one here is number two and here’s number three so when you’re trying

to split this info graphic into two halves you have two options either you can talk about stage number

one and stage number two in paragraph three and then you can talk about stage number three in the fourth

paragraph.

On the other hand you can also talk about stage number one in the third paragraph and then you can talk

about stages number two and three in the fourth paragraph so you’re completely free to divide this information

in any way that you want.

For my example in the third paragraph I’ll be describing only the first stage and then in the fourth

paragraph I’ll talk about stages number two and three so let’s go ahead and take a look at our third

paragraph specifically.

SIMON lay their eggs among small stones scattered at the base of reeds that grow in the slow moving

upper river so here all we’re doing is that we’re simply describing whatever we are seeing here for

the first stage so here we can see that salmon lay their eggs right here.

These are small stones that are scattered meaning that they are spread out at the base of the reeds.

So as we can see these here are called reeds it looks like there’s some kind of underwater plant so

here we’re saying that salmon lay their eggs among small stones that are scattered at the base of the

reeds and these reeds which are underwater plants grow in the slow moving upper river.

Now let’s look at our second sentence the eggs seem to require between five to six months before the

fish can hatch.

So now we’re describing this information here we’re saying that these eggs seem to require about five

to six months before the fish Hatch meaning before the fish take bath.

So when they come out of their eggs they take baths and we call this process hatching.

Now let’s take a look at our final sentence at the youngest stage when the salmon is only between three

to eight centimetres in length it is referred to as a fry so now we’re talking about this information

down here.

We’re saying that when the fish is only three to eight centimetres in length it is called a fry.

So now that we’ve described all the information in the first stage of the salmon lifecycle our third

paragraph is now complete.

So now let’s move on to our fourth paragraph so this time we’re going to be talking about stages.

Number two and three so let’s take a look at the first sentence of our fourth paragraph in the intermediary

stage of their life at about four years of age and 12 to 15 centimeters in length.

They come to be known as as so the word intermediary means metal.

So we’re first talking about this second stage which is the middle stage and we’re saying that in this

middle stage of their life when salmon are about four years of age and 12 to 15 centimeters in length

they come to be known as Smoltz let’s look at our next sentence in this stage they swim out to the fast

flowing lower river until they reach the age of about five so we’re saying that in this age the fish

swim out to the fast flowing lower river until they reach the age of about five now in our final sentence.

We’re going to be talking about this third stage so let’s take a look at our sentence at this point

as fully developed adult salmon ranging from 70 to 76 centimetres in length.

They set out for the open sea.

And the process is repeated so we’re saying that in this stage the salmon become fully developed adults

that range between 70 to 76 centimetres in length and at this point they set out for the open sea.

And then we can see that the process is repeated again.

These salmon now once again give birth to eggs which hatch into tiny fish and this cycle is once again

repeated.

So now we’ve described every single stage in the two halves of our infographics.

So now our task one essay for this process question is now complete.

Since we’ve already written the introduction and the overview in previous videos and we’ve written the

third and the fourth paragraphs in this video we have finished our task one essay for this question.

Now let’s move on to our next practice question.

Here we have an unnumbered process diagram.

You’ve seen this question before as well.

So let’s move on to writing the specific details so the first thing we do we’re gonna split this info

graphic so we’ll be talking about the first process which is cement production in the third paragraph

and then we’ll talk about concrete production in the fourth paragraph so let’s take a look at our third

paragraph upon a detailed look.

It is clear that producing cement first requires limestone and Clay to be pulverized into powder with

the use of a crusher so here we’re opening our detailed paragraph by using the phrase upon a detailed

look.

This is a great way to start your third or your fourth paragraph.

So we’re saying that upon a detailed look meaning that if we look closely at our infographics we can

see that the first step is that to produce cement we have to take our limestone and clay and we have

to pulverize it meaning that we have to crush it into powder using a crusher.

So this is the first step we have to crush the limestone and Clay using a crusher.

Now let’s look at our second sentence these substances then pass through a heated rotating cylinder

followed by a grinder which marks the end of the cement production process

so here we’re saying that after this stage these substances which are limestone and clay they pass through

this rotating cylinder which is also heated as you can see from the label here.

And then after passing through this rotating heated cylinder the substances pass through a grinder and

this finishes the cement production process.

So now we finally have cement from our original substances.

Now let’s look at our final sentence this finished product is finally filled into bags for shipment

and use so we’re saying that now our product is finished and this finished product is put into bags

for shipment and use.

So that completes our third paragraph.

Now let us move on to our fourth paragraph.

Now we’re going to be talking about concrete production.

So let’s take a look at our fourth paragraph in comparison producing concrete is a more straightforward

process due to its simplicity and minimal requirement of equipment so here we’re saying that in comparison

to cement production concrete production is much more simpler.

It’s more straightforward.

Why.

Because it’s a simple one step process in which we need minimal equipment.

As you can see the only equipment that we need for this process is the concrete mixer let’s move on

to our second sentence this process requires a mixture of four substances in specific proportions so

we’re saying that to begin this process we need these four substances in very specific proportions so

we can see that the proportions of these substances are listed here as percentages.

So since these percentages are key numeric details we have to talk about them in our detail paragraph.

So let’s go ahead and do that a composition of 50 percent gravel 15 percent cement 10 percent water

and 25 percent sand are all placed into a concrete mixer which blends and transforms these substances

into cement so we’re saying that we take all these substances in these specific proportions and we placed

them into this concrete mixer which blends all these substances and transforms them or changes them

into concrete.

So now that we’ve described all the different stages of the two halves of our infographics our specific

detailed paragraphs are now complete.

And with that our task one essay for this process question is also complete so that brings us to the

end of our video in the next video I’m going to show you how to write the specific details for map questions.

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