دوره چگونه بیاموزیم ، فصل 4 : آموزش رنسانسی
دربارهی این فصل:
In this module we're going to talk more about important ideas and techniques that will enhance your ability to learn. You'll also discover how to more profitably interact with fellow learners, how to recognize your own strengths, and how to avoid the "imposter syndrome." Fighter pilots and surgeons use checklists to help them with their critical duties--you can use a similar checklist to help you prepare for tests. Ultimately, you will learn more about the joys of living a life filled with learning!
این دوره شامل 16 فصل زیر است:
As the rat learns the task, these new neurons are recruited to help perform better pattern separation between the two pictures. One of the best studied critical periods in the brain is when binocular depth perception or stereopsis matures during the first two years of life. But Sue Barry, a friend of mine from graduate school at Princeton, was able to recover stereo vision through eye exercises.
This week we are going to wrap up a slew of important ideas, and techniques that will help round out and enhance your ability to learn well, using metaphors and analogies, to work profitable with teammates, and not undercut your own strengths. Learning doesn't progress logically, so that each day just adds an additional neat package to your knowledge shelf. You'll find that when you emerge from these periods of temporary frustration, your knowledge base will take a surprising leap forward.
Metaphors and visualization, being able to see something in your mind's eye, have been especially helpful not only in art and literature, but also in allowing the scientific and engineering world to make progress. Here's a fun illustration of monkeys in a benzene ring from an insider spoof of German Academic Chemical Life printed in 1886. For example, telling a simple story of soldiers attacking a fortress from many different directions at once can open creative paths for students to see how many low-intensity rays can be effectively used to destroy a cancerous tumor.
The greater understanding results from the fact that your mind constructed the patterns of meaning, rather than simply accepting what someone else has told you. Chess masters, emergency room physicians, fighter pilots, and many other experts often have to make complex decisions rapidly. They shut down their conscious system and instead rely on their well trained intuition, drawing on their deeply ingrained repertoire of chunks.
In Cajal's case, it seems his natural maturation processes coupled with his own efforts to develop his thinking, helped him to take control of his overall behavior. People like Charles Darwin, whose theory of evolution has made him one of the most influential figures in human history, are often thought of as these, sort of, natural geniuses. He washed out of medical school and ended up, to his father's horror, heading out on a round the world voyage as the ship's naturalist.
As leading neuroscientist Vilayanur S Ramachandran has noted, the right hemisphere serves as a sort of devil's advocate to question the status quo and look for global inconsistencies. When you're absolutely certain that what you've done on a homework or test is fine, thank you very much, be aware that this feeling may be based on overly confident perspectives arising in part from the left hemisphere. A single small tip from a teammate to take a course from the outstanding Professor Passionate, or to check out a new job opening, can make an extraordinary difference in how your life unfolds.
This means that the effort you put into test-taking, including the preliminary mini test of your recall and your ability to problem solve during your preparation is of fundamental importance. Virtually everything we've talked about in this course has been designed to help make the testing process seem straightforward and natural, simply an extension of the normal procedures you use to learn the material. Did you attempt to outline lots of problem solutions quickly without spending time on the Algebra in calculations?
While you're waiting for a steak to fry, you can swiftly slice the tomato garnish and turn to season the soup and then stir the sizzling onions. It's also a valuable technique for helping you avoid Einstellung, getting stuck on the wrong approach - because you have a chance to look at the problem from differing perspectives. When they give up, their attention switched, allowing the diffuse mode the tiny bit of traction it needed to go to work and return the solution.
It's especially helpful deliberately moving to a deep breathing pattern in those final anxious moments before a test is handed out. Susan Sajna-Hebert, a professor of psychology at Lakehead University, advises her students to cover up the answers to multiple choice questions and to try to recall the information. This means whenever possible, you should blink, shift your attention, and then double check your answers using a, a big picture prospective asking yourself, does this really makes sense.
Keep in mind that when you whiz through a homework or test question and you don't go back to check your work, you're acting a little like a person who is refusing to use parts of your brain. Counterintuitive strategies such as the hard start jump to easy technique, can give your brain a chance to reflect on harder challenges even as you're focusing on other more straightforward problems. This means that whenever possible you should blink, shift your attention, and then double check your answers using a big picture perspective, asking yourself, does this really make sense?
What we're hoping is that as the days and months will pass you'll continue to bring to mind some of the key ideas you've learned in the course. Approaches such as switching your mode of thinking from focused to diffuse can help reduce your frustration and allow for more creative problem solving. The world is evolving and a broad tool kit that allows you to learn effectively in many different subject areas is one of the most powerful assets you can have.
Rich Felder has written the best selling book on introductory chemical engineering in the country and possibly in the world. He's also won the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Society of Engineering Education for his enormously influential work. And, you know, I, I, I tend to believe what I've read in cognitive science about all of the stuff going on underneath the conscious part that I'm aware of.
I read a little at the end, I will pick up a piece here and there and then begin to dig in a little bit deeper, but I do better when I sort of have a general sense of what it is I'm supposed to be learning. If it's just a simple fact of definition of a term I can read it and memorize it, but if it's really conceptually difficult, whether it's a part of a problem-solving procedure, a derivation that I'm trying to work through or anything else. It's also a great way to sort of get past that illusion of competence because as you're looking at it and as you're working through the example and what you think you might be asked you'll uncover some things that maybe you don't know as well as you thought you did.
The very next tough question I get in class, the very next hard test that I have to take, that's what's going to finally, once and for all, reveal me as the fraud, the phony, the imposter, that I know I am. And the idea that a lot of people are doing it, and that hot shot in the front row with the 4.0 average, the tape is playing louder than it is in anyone else's head. If a student managed to do everything needed to get into this college, to pass all of the entrance requirements, maybe to get through that difficult first year then, obviously, they have the ability to do it because they did it.
He's covered science news for three daily newspapers in the US, was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in Journalism, and has written several books. When John was teaching at the Berkeley College of Music, he invented a new approach to help sometimes confused and worried students to write well. At the bottom of the ladder are, connected to the word nutrition, actual things like apples, oranges, slices of bread, hamburger sandwiches.
For the, for a large part, for those of us who are studying at a relatively introductory or intermediate level there are answers to be arrived at through methods that are, will help illuminate how a field works. I would cite Mary Wollstonecraft's work on, on the in the late 18th century on the education of women or Thomas Jefferson's statute for religious freedom in Virginia. Artwork's the same thing, you can keep coming back to look at something or a particular event if it's recorded on YouTube or on a, or, or a speech, something that's, that's, in effect, not quite memorizable, but easy to commit in a lot of detail to memory.
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