This video takes a look at how to create the illusion of space on a 2-Dimensional surface. Concepts covered include overlapping, size, value/color, detail, placement on the paper, and linear perspective.
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Welcome to the fifth video and the secrets to drawing video course brought to you by the virtual instructor dot com. And this video we’re going to take a look at the next element of art and how it pertains to drawing the next element we’re going to take a look at is space. First let’s define space in terms of art. Space is the area around above below and within an object. It’s important for us to recognize that when we’re creating drawings we are creating the illusion of three dimensional space. There are six ways that we can create the illusion of space on a two dimensional surface in a drawing . Let’s take a moment and look at those six ways. The first way that we can create the illusion of space is by using overlapping overlapping occurs when an object that is closer to us blocks part of the view of objects that are further away from us. This seems like a no brainer. Yet I see a lot of students fail to incorporate overlapping to create the illusion of space. It’s a very easy way to create the illusion of space as you can see in these two spheres. The object that looks closer to us is the one that blocks the object that is further away. Although both of these spheres exist on virtually the same plane the illusion of space is created. The second way we can create the illusion of space is by adjusting the size of objects objects that are closer to us are going to appear much larger than objects that are further away. A lot of times students forget tests and fail to make objects that are closer much larger than objects that are further away. The third way to create the illusion of space is by where we place our objects on our picture plane objects that are placed lower on the picture plane will naturally appear closer to the viewer. There’s an exception to this if you have something that’s flying or hanging from a ceiling. It may be higher on the pitcher plane yet still be closer to the viewer. So this works with objects that are on the same plane within the drawing. The fourth way to create the illusion of space is through detail objects that are close to us are going to be much more detailed than objects that are further away. This is illustrated here by a tree the tree is presented in the foreground with quite a bit of detail even some grass plates are shown a second tree is drawn further back in the picture playing this time less detail is added to it. Still a third tree is drawn and a fourth tree each time with less detail. The result is an illusion of space objects that are closer to you are always going to be more detailed than objects that are further away. The fifth way to create the illusion of space is through value or color. Remember value and color are separate things. In fact there are separate elements of art although they’re related to each other. It’s important to understand that they are different. In this example I’m just using value but color can also create the illusion of space. First let’s talk about value remember value is the darkness or lightness of a color. Objects that are closer to us are going to appear darker in value objects that are further away are inherently going to be lighter in value. So in this case the first mountain range that have added value to I want to appear as the mountain range that’s the closest you’ll also notice that it’s placed lowest on the picture plane the mountain range in the middle or received some value but not as quite of dark value as the mountain range in the foreground . And then the last mountain range is the furthest away will be the lightest. So you can see here that value can create the illusion of space as well. But what about color. Well objects that are closer to us are going to naturally appear warmer in color than objects that are further away objects that are further away or are going to appear cooler. We’ll talk more about warm colors and cool colors later in this video series. The last way to create the illusion of space with a two dimensional surface is through a process called linear perspective. We’ll talk in detail about linear perspective in the next few videos. Very quickly linear perspective is a method using lines to create the illusion of space linear perspective could be one point two point or three point perspective. So what do we learn in this video. Well first we learn that space is the area around above below and within an object. We also learned that when we are creating drawings we are creating the illusion of space on a two dimensional surface. We also learn that there are actually six ways that we can create the illusion of space in our drawings if we combine all six of these ways into our drawings. It’s very easy to see that we can create realistic space in our drawings in the next video we’re going to take a look at one point perspective and we’re going to see how we can use lines to create this illusion of space even further.
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